Gastroscopy is an endoscopic procedure that allows your doctor to visualize the oesophagus,
the stomach and the first part of the small intestine (duodenum).
Gastroscopy, also called upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, is a gastroenterological diagnostic procedure where a doctor examines the upper part of your gastrointestinal tract: the oesophagus, stomach and duodenum with a flexibile endoscope. The procedure is designed to diagnose the cause of recurring indigestion, recurring heartburn, pains in the upper abdomen, unexplained weight loss, or other symptoms originating in the upper gastrointestinal tract. Our team has years of experience and excellence in performing gastroscopy procedures.
Reasons for a Gastroscopy
Conditions that can be diagnosed include:
- Oesophagitis: inflammation of the oesophagus
- Duodenal or stomach ulcer
- Duodenitis: inflammation of the duodenum
- Gastritis: inflammation of the stomach
- Cancer of the stomach or oesophagus
The total procedure, including preparation time, normally takes about half an hour under Propofol deep sedation and a local anaesthetic. Your endoscopist will place a plastic mouth guard between your teeth to protect them and prevent you from biting down on the endoscope. During the procedure, you will be asked to lie on your back or side while your doctor carefully feeds the endoscope down the oesophagus and into the stomach and duodenum.
A tiny video camera mounted on the endoscope transmits images to a monitor, allowing your endoscopist to closely examine the intestinal lining. Air is pumped into the stomach and duodenum through the endoscope in order to inflate them to produce a clearer image.
Your doctor may perform biopsies, stop bleeding with injection therapy or hemoclipps, and remove abnormal growths and polyps with a polypectomy snare, depending on what they see and the reasons for the endoscopy, by using special tools that slide through the endoscope. Once the procedure is finished your doctor will gently remove the endoscope.